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J Struct Biol. 2008 Jul;163(1):10-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jsb.2008.03.009. Epub 2008 Mar 28.

Native cellular architecture of Treponema denticola revealed by cryo-electron tomography.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Genetics, The Forsyth Institute, 140 Fenway, Boston, MA 02135, USA. JIzard@forsyth.org

Abstract

Using cryo-electron tomography, we are developing a refined description of native cellular structures in the pathogenic spirochete Treponema denticola. Tightly organized bundles of periplasmic flagella were readily observed in intact plunge-frozen cells. The periplasmic space was measured in both wild-type and aflagellate strains, and found to widen by less than the diameter of flagella when the latter are present. This suggests that a structural change occurs in the peptidoglycan layer to accommodate the presence of the flagella. In dividing cells, the flagellar filaments were found to bridge the cytoplasmic cylinder constriction site. Cytoplasmic filaments, adjacent to the inner membrane, run parallel to the tightly organized flagellar filaments. The cytoplasmic filaments may be anchored by a narrow plate-like structure. The tapering of the cell ends was conserved between cells, with a patella-shaped structure observed in the periplasm at the tip of each cytoplasmic cylinder. Several incompletely characterized structures have been observed in the periplasm between dividing cells, including a cable-like structure linking two cytoplasmic cylinders and complex foil-shaped structures.

PMID:
18468917
PMCID:
PMC2519799
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsb.2008.03.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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