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J Clin Oncol. 2008 May 10;26(14):2320-6. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2007.14.0152.

Bortezomib with or without irinotecan in relapsed or refractory colorectal cancer: results from a randomized phase II study.

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Continuum Cancer Centers of New York, St Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY, USA.



To evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of bortezomib with or without irinotecan, in patients with relapsed or refractory colorectal cancer (CRC).


Patients were randomly assigned in a 3:4 ratio to bortezomib 1.5 mg/m(2) (arm A) or bortezomib 1.3 mg/m(2) plus irinotecan 125 mg/m(2) (arm B). A treatment cycle of 21 days consisted of four bortezomib doses on days 1, 4, 8, and 11, plus, in arm B, irinotecan on days 1 and 8. The primary objective of this randomized, multicenter, open-label, phase II study was to determine tumor response to treatment. Secondary objectives were safety and tolerability.


A preplanned interim analysis to assess efficacy revealed inadequate activity, resulting in early termination of this study. A total of 102 patients were treated, 45 in arm A and 57 in arm B. Baseline characteristics were comparable. The investigator-assessed response rate was 0 in arm A and 3.5% in arm B (all partial responses). Adverse events in both treatment arms were as expected, with no significant additive toxicity. The most common grade >or= 3 adverse events reported, per patient, during the study were fatigue (27%), vomiting (13%), nausea (11%), and peripheral sensory neuropathy (11%) in arm A, and diarrhea (33%), fatigue (25%), neutropenia (23%), thrombocytopenia (18%), dyspnea (12%), abdominal pain (12%), dehydration (12%), and anemia (11%) in arm B.


Bortezomib alone or in combination with irinotecan was not effective in patients with relapsed or refractory CRC.

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