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J Public Health (Oxf). 2008 Sep;30(3):258-65. doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdn037. Epub 2008 May 8.

Overweight and obesity among adolescents in Norway: cultural and socio-economic differences.

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1
Department of Health Statistics, Division of Epidemiology, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, PO Box 4404, Nydalen, 0403 Oslo, Norway. else-karin.groholt@fhi.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to investigate overweight and obesity among a representative population of 15,966 Norwegian 15-16 year olds and the associations with different socio-economic and cultural risk factors.

METHODS:

Self-reported data were obtained from school-based surveys in six counties during 2000-04. Overweight and obesity were calculated using Cole's index.

RESULTS:

The prevalence of overweight and obesity were 11.8% and 2.4%, respectively, higher among boys. Logistic regression analyses revealed that adolescents in Nordland, Troms and Finnmark (the northernmost counties) were 70-90% more likely to be overweight and obese compared with adolescents in Oslo (the capital and southernmost county) (OR for overweight in Finnmark = 1.7, CI = 1.3, 2.3). Lower educational plans and poor family economy were both significantly associated with overweight and obesity. So was physical inactivity (OR = 1.2, CI = 1.1, 1.3 and OR = 1.6, CI = 1.2, 2.1, respectively). Eating breakfast was positively associated with not being overweight/obese.

CONCLUSION:

Overweight and obesity is associated with socio-economic factors and with factors related to food habits and nutrition, suggesting important areas for prevention.

PMID:
18467431
DOI:
10.1093/pubmed/fdn037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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