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Arch Toxicol. 2008 Oct;82(10):771-7. doi: 10.1007/s00204-008-0293-y. Epub 2008 May 9.

Extremely weak tumor-promoting effect of troglitazone on splenic hemangiosarcomas in rasH2 mice induced by urethane.

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Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 3-5-8 Saiwai-cho, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan.


To examine the tumor-promoting effect of troglitazone (TRG), a novel thiazolidinedione insulin-sensitizing agent, on splenic hemangiosarcomas in rasH2 mice, histopathological and molecular analyses were performed in the spleen of female rasH2 mice fed a diet containing 6,000 or 0 ppm TRG for 16 weeks after 1,000 or 0 mg/kg urethane (UR) initiation. Histopathologically, splenic hemangiosarcomas were observed in the UR-alone and UR + TRG groups, but there was no significant difference in the incidence of splenic hemangiosarcomas between the UR-alone and UR+TRG groups. There were increasing tendencies in the number of positive cells for anti-PCNA antibody and gene expression in the UR + TRG group, but such a change was not statistically significant as compared to that in the UR-alone group. The gene expressions of VEGF, VEGFR1, VEGFC, VEGFR2 and Tie2 related to angiogenesis; c-fos related to MAPK cascade activation; and cyclin D1 related to cell cycle in the UR-alone and UR + TRG groups were significantly higher than those in the untreated control group. However, only the Tie2 gene in the UR + TRG group was significantly increased as compared to that in the UR-alone group. These results suggest that the vascular tumor-promoting activity of TRG in rasH2 mice is extremely low in the present experimental condition and a part of the gene related to angiogenesis probably contributes to the promotion of splenic hemangiosarcomas in rasH2 mice given TRG.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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