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Virology. 1991 Feb;180(2):553-60.

Amplification and sequencing of the control regions of BK and JC virus from human urine by polymerase chain reaction.

Author information

1
Virological Research Group, University of Tromsø, Norway.

Abstract

The various strains of BKV and JCV exhibit a remarkable degree of heterogeneity in the noncoding region near the origin of DNA replication. It is of great interest, therefore, to characterize the naturally occurring variants as a first step towards the attainment of an understanding of the origin and the biological significance of this hypervariability. In this paper we report the use of polymerase chain reaction for amplification and sequencing of the control regions of BKV and JCV DNAs from urines of AIDS patients, bone marrow transplantation recipients, and other patient groups. Our results support the conclusion that BK(WW) and its variants constitute the most prevalent strain in the human population tested so far. A new strain, designated BK(TU), was isolated from some patients from Norway. Urine inocula containing BK(WW) gave BK(TU) after propagation in cell culture, while BK(TU) did not change the sequence of its control region during the same procedure. The JCV isolates were almost identical with several strains molecularly cloned from the urine reported by Y. Yogo, T. Kitamura, C. Sugimoto, T. Ueki, Y. Aso, K. Hara, and F. Taguchi (J. Virol., 1990, 64, 3139-3143). This archetypal strain may represent the JCV circulating in the human population, from which various regulatory sequences of JCV isolates could have evolved by deletions and amplifications.

PMID:
1846488
DOI:
10.1016/0042-6822(91)90069-n
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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