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Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Feb;77(2):235-40.

Effects of conjugated equine estrogen with and without three different progestogens on lipoproteins, high-density lipoprotein subfractions, and apolipoprotein A-I.

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1
Department of Medicine, George Washington University Medical Center, Washington, DC.

Abstract

The effects of conjugated equine estrogen and subsequent cyclical progestogen supplementation on lipoprotein and apolipoprotein A-I levels were investigated in three groups of postmenopausal women. Unopposed conjugated equine estrogen (0.625 mg) lowered total cholesterol 4-8% and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol 12-19% below pre-treatment levels in all three groups. Levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I were increased 9-13 and 9-18%, respectively, with unopposed estrogen. The increase in HDL cholesterol was mainly due to increases in the high-density lipoprotein2 (HDL2) subfraction. Addition of medroxyprogesterone acetate, norethindrone acetate, or d,l-norgestrel at doses shown previously to provide protection against endometrial hyperplasia reversed some of the beneficial estrogen effects, reducing levels of HDL cholesterol 14-17%, HDL2 cholesterol 22-37%, and apolipoprotein A-I 11-15% from those obtained with unopposed estrogen. The LDL cholesterol levels fell 12-19% with unopposed estrogen but remained 7-12% below baseline when progestogens were added. These observations demonstrate that after 3 months of treatment, all three progestogens reversed some of the favorable effects of unopposed estrogen on lipoproteins but permitted a continued modest reduction in LDL cholesterol.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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