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Eur J Appl Physiol. 2008 Jul;103(5):585-94. doi: 10.1007/s00421-008-0748-0. Epub 2008 May 8.

Rehydration with drinks differing in sodium concentration and recovery from moderate exercise-induced hypohydration in man.

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School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK.


To investigate how differing moderate sodium chloride concentrations affect rehydration after exercise and subsequent exercise capacity, eight males lost 1.98 +/- 0.1% body mass exercising in the heat, then consumed one of four drinks in a volume equivalent to 150% of mass loss. Drinks were identical except for sodium chloride content (1 +/- 1, 31 +/- 1, 40 +/- 1, 50 +/- 1 mmol/l). After 4 h recovery subjects cycled for 5 min at 70% VO(2peak) then at 95% VO(2peak) until volitional fatigue. Urine output was inversely related to sodium intake: more was produced with the 1 than the 40 and 50 mmol/l drinks (P < 0.01). Time to exhaustion in the exercise capacity test was not different between treatments (P = 0.883). The addition of 40 or 50 mmol/l of sodium chloride to a rehydration beverage reduced subsequent urine output, thereby providing more effective rehydration than a sodium-free drink. This did not, however, result in improved performance 4 h after the end of the rehydration period.

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