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Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Jun;51(2):436-44. doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e31816fea3d.

Pregnancy and alcohol use: evidence and recommendations for prenatal care.

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  • 1Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee, USA.


Pregnancy alcohol consumption has been linked to poor birth outcomes and long-term developmental problems. Despite this, a significant number of women drink during pregnancy. Although most prenatal care providers are asking women about alcohol use, validated screening tools are infrequently employed. Research has demonstrated that currently available screening methods and intervention techniques are effective in identifying and reducing pregnancy drinking. Implementing universal screening and appropriate intervention for pregnancy alcohol use should be a priority for prenatal care providers, as these efforts could substantially improve pregnancy, birth, and longer term developmental outcomes for those affected.

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