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J Infect Dis. 2008 Apr 15;197(8):1103-9. doi: 10.1086/586901.

Evaluation of the repertoire of the TonB-dependent receptors of Haemophilus ducreyi for their role in virulence in humans.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill 27599, USA.

Abstract

Haemophilus ducreyi contains 3 TonB-dependent receptors: the hemoglobin receptor HgbA, which is required for virulence in humans; the heme receptor TdhA; and an uncharacterized conserved hypothetical protein TdX (HD0646). A double tdX/tdhA mutant (FX527) was constructed on the background of a human-passaged variant of strain 35000 (35000HP). Six volunteers were infected with 35000HP at 3 sites on one arm and with FX527 at 3 sites on the other. The pustule formation rate was 55.6% (95% confidence interval [CI], 35.7%-75.4%) at 18 parent-strain sites and 44.4% (95% CI, 15.0%-73.9%) at 18 mutant-strain sites (P = .51). Similar amounts of 35000HP and FX527 were recovered from pustules in semiquantitative culture. Thus, TdX and TdhA are not necessary for virulence, whereas HgbA is both necessary and sufficient for virulence in humans. The data suggest that hemoglobin is the sole source of heme/iron used by H. ducreyi in vivo and has implications for the potential of HgbA as a vaccine.

PMID:
18462159
DOI:
10.1086/586901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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