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J Phys Chem A. 2008 Jun 5;112(22):5002-9. doi: 10.1021/jp800941z. Epub 2008 May 8.

Molecular structure, conformation, and potential to internal rotation of 2,6- and 3,5-difluoronitrobenzene studied by gas-phase electron diffraction and quantum chemical calculations.

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1
Department of Chemistry, Moscow State University, Moscow 119991, Russia. dorofeeva@phys.chem.msu.ru

Abstract

3,5-Difluoronitrobenzene (3,5-DFNB) and 2,6-difluoronitrobenzene (2,6-DFNB) have been studied by gas-phase electron diffraction (GED), MP2 ab initio, and by B3LYP density functional calculations. Refinements of r h1 and r e static and r h1 dynamic GED models were carried out for both molecules. Equilibrium r e structures were determined using anharmonic vibrational corrections to the internuclear distances ( r e - r a) calculated from B3LYP/cc-pVTZ cubic force fields. 3,5-DFNB possesses a planar structure of C 2 v symmetry with the following r e values for bond lengths and bond angles: r(C-C) av = 1.378(4) A, r(C-N) = 1.489(6) A, r(N-O) = 1.217(2) A, r(C-F) = 1.347(5) A, angleC6-C1-C2 = 122.6(6) degrees , angleC1-C2-C3 = 117.3(3) degrees , angleC2-C3-C4 = 123.0(3) degrees , angleC3-C4-C5 = 116.9(6) degrees , angleC-C-N = 118.7(3) degrees , angleC-N-O = 117.3(4) degrees , angleO-N-O = 125.5(7) degrees , angleC-C-F = 118.6(7) degrees . The uncertainties in parentheses are three times the standard deviations. As in the case of nitrobenzene, the barrier to internal rotation of the nitro group in 3,5-DFNB, V 90 = 10 +/- 4 kJ/mol, is substantially lower than that predicted by quantum chemical calculations. The presence of substituents in the ortho positions force the nitro group to rotate about the C-N bond, out of the plane of the benzene ring. For 2,6-DFNB, a nonplanar structure of C 2 symmetry with a torsional angle of phi(C-N) = 53.8(14) degrees and the following r e values for structural parameters was determined by the GED analysis: r(C-C) av = 1.383(5) A, r(C-N) = 1.469(7) A, r(N-O) = 1.212(2) A, r(C-F) = 1.344(4) A, angleC6-C1-C2 = 118.7(5) degrees , angleC1-C2-C3 = 121.2(2) degrees , angleC2-C3-C4 = 119.0(2) degrees , angleC3-C4-C5 = 121.1(4) degrees , angleC-C-N = 120.6(2) degrees , angleC-N-O = 115.7(4) degrees , angleO-N-O = 128.6(7) degrees , angleC-C-F = 118.7(5) degrees . The refinement of a dynamic model led to barriers V 0 = 16.5 +/- 1.5 kJ/mol and V 90 = 2.2 +/- 0.5 kJ/mol, which are in good agreement with values predicted by B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) and MP2/ cc-pVTZ calculations. The values of C-F bond lengths are similar in both molecules. This is in contrast to the drastic shortening of the C-F bond in the ortho position in 2-fluoronitrobenzene compared to the C-F bond length in the meta and para position in 3- and 4-fluoronitrobenzene observed in an earlier GED study.

PMID:
18461918
DOI:
10.1021/jp800941z
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