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Internist (Berl). 2008 Jun;49(6):673-80. doi: 10.1007/s00108-008-2141-9.

[The GRADE System. An international approach to standardize the graduation of evidence and recommendations in guidelines].

[Article in German]

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Basel Institut für Klinische Epidemiologie, Universitätsspital Basel, Hebelstrasse 19, 4031, Basel, Switzerland.


Clinical practice guidelines have become an important source of information to support clinicians in the management of individual patients. However, current guideline methods have limitations that include the lack of separating the quality of evidence from the strength of recommendations. The Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) working group, an international collaboration of guideline developers, methodologists, and clinicians have developed a system that addresses these shortcomings. Core elements include transparent methodology for grading the quality of evidence, the distinction between quality of the evidence and strength of a recommendation, an explicit balancing of benefits and harms of health care interventions, an explicit recognition of the values and preferences that underlie recommendations. The GRADE system has been piloted in various practice settings to ensure that it captures the complexity involved in evidence assessment and grading recommendations while maintaining simplicity and practicality. Many guideline organizations and medical societies have endorsed the system and adopted it for their guideline processes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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