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Cell Metab. 2008 May;7(5):445-55. doi: 10.1016/j.cmet.2008.03.005.

IRE1beta inhibits chylomicron production by selectively degrading MTP mRNA.

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1
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology and Department of Pediatrics, The State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY 11203, USA.

Abstract

Microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) is needed to assemble chylomicrons in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of enterocytes. We explored the role of an ER stress protein, inositol-requiring enzyme 1beta (IRE1beta), in regulating this process. High-cholesterol and high-fat diets decreased intestinal IRE1beta mRNA in wild-type mice. Ire1b(-/-) mice fed high-cholesterol and high-fat diets developed more pronounced hyperlipidemia because these mice secreted more chylomicrons and expressed more intestinal MTP, though not hepatic MTP, than wild-type mice did. Chylomicron secretion and MTP expression also were increased in primary enterocytes isolated from cholesterol-fed Ire1b(-/-) mice. There was no correlation between ER stress and MTP expression. Instead, cell culture studies revealed that IRE1beta, but not its ubiquitous homolog IRE1alpha, decreased MTP mRNA through increased posttranscriptional degradation. Conversely, knockdown of IRE1beta enhanced MTP expression. These studies show that IRE1beta plays a role in regulating MTP and in chylomicron production.

PMID:
18460335
PMCID:
PMC2435513
DOI:
10.1016/j.cmet.2008.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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