Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Percept Psychophys. 2008 Apr;70(3):496-502.

Melody recognition at fast and slow tempos: effects of age, experience, and familiarity.

Author information

1
School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, Texas 75083-0688, USA. jdowling@utdallas.edu

Abstract

Eighty-one listeners defined by three age ranges (18-30, 31-59, and over 60 years) and three levels of musical experience performed an immediate recognition task requiring the detection of alterations in melodies. On each trial, a brief melody was presented, followed 5 sec later by a test stimulus that either was identical to the target or had two pitches changed, for a same-different judgment. Each melody pair was presented at 0.6 note/sec, 3.0 notes/sec, or 6.0 notes/sec. Performance was better with familiar melodies than with unfamiliar melodies. Overall performance declined slightly with age and improved substantially with increasing experience, in agreement with earlier results in an identification task. Tempo affected performance on familiar tunes (moderate was best), but not on unfamiliar tunes. We discuss these results in terms of theories of dynamic attending, cognitive slowing, and working memory in aging.

PMID:
18459260
DOI:
10.3758/pp.70.3.496
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center