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World Psychiatry. 2008 Feb;7(1):3-10.

Neurobehavioral sequelae of traumatic brain injury: evaluation and management.

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Department of Psychiatry, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, 1 Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756, USA.


Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a worldwide public health problem. Over the last several decades, improvements in acute care have resulted in higher survival rates. Unfortunately, the majority of survivors of moderate and severe TBI have chronic neurobehavioral sequelae, including cognitive deficits, changes in personality and increased rates of psychiatric illness. These neurobehavioral problems are understandable in the context of the typical profile of regional brain damage associated with trauma. This paper presents an overview of the neurobehavioral sequelae of TBI and outlines issues to consider in the evaluation and management of these challenges.


Traumatic brain injury; cognitive deficits; neurobehavioral sequelae; personality changes; regional brain damage


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