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Biomed Mater. 2007 Mar;2(1):S1-6. doi: 10.1088/1748-6041/2/1/S01. Epub 2007 Mar 2.

Artificial exomuscle investigations for applications--metal hydride.

Author information

1
Victhom Human Bionics Inc., Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures, QC, Canada.

Abstract

In pursuing the development of bionic devices, Victhom identified a need for technologies that could replace current motorized systems and be better integrated into the human body motion. The actuators used to obtain large displacements are noisy, heavy, and do not adequately reproduce human muscle behavior. Subsequently, a project at Victhom was devoted to the development of active materials to obtain an artificial exomuscle actuator. An exhaustive literature review was done at Victhom to identify promising active materials for the development of artificial muscles. According to this review, metal hydrides were identified as a promising technology for artificial muscle development. Victhom's investigations focused on determining metal hydride actuator potential in the context of bionics technology. Based on metal hydride properties and artificial muscle requirements such as force, displacement and rise time, an exomuscle was built. In addition, a finite element model, including heat and mass transfer in the metal hydride, was developed and implemented in FEMLAB software.

PMID:
18458414
DOI:
10.1088/1748-6041/2/1/S01
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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