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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 May;162(5):447-52. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.162.5.447.

Identifying, treating, and referring traumatized children: the role of pediatric providers.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Allegheny General Hospital, Drexel University College of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15212, USA. jcohen1@wpahs.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To describe practical ways for pediatric providers to screen children for exposure to potentially traumatic events and trauma symptoms, provide brief office-based pediatric interventions for trauma-exposed children, engage families in mental health care referrals, and recognize elements of evidence-based practices for traumatized children.

MAIN EXPOSURE:

Many children exposed to potentially traumatic events develop severe and long-lasting negative somatic and psychological problems. Pediatric providers are often ideally situated to detect children with these symptoms, provide office-based interventions, and make referrals to optimal community treatment providers.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Several comprehensive literature reviews of evidence-based treatments for traumatized children conducted by other organizations were evaluated and summarized for their relevance to primary care pediatricians.

RESULTS:

Optimal pediatric screening and office-based interventions for traumatized children are described. Evidence-based practices for traumatized children are summarized and their common treatment elements extracted. Suggestions for engaging families in mental health care referrals are included.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pediatric providers can identify and provide office-based interventions for traumatized children as well as play a critical role in referring children for optimal mental health treatments.

PMID:
18458191
DOI:
10.1001/archpedi.162.5.447
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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