Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2009 Mar;41(3):487-93. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2008.03.014. Epub 2008 Mar 26.

Netrin-1: diversity in development.

Author information

Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.


In 1990, the discovery of three Caenorhabditis elegans genes (unc5, unc6, unc40) involved in pioneer axon guidance and cell migration marked a significant advancement in neuroscience research [Hedgecock EM, Culotti JG, Hall DH. The unc-5, unc-6, and unc-40 genes guide circumferential migrations of pioneer axons and mesodermal cells on the epidermis in C. elegans. Neuron 1990;4:61-85]. The importance of this molecular guidance system was exemplified in 1994, when the vertebrate orthologue of Unc6, Netrin-1, was discovered to be a key guidance cue for commissural axons projecting toward the ventral midline in the rodent embryonic spinal cord [Serafini T, Kennedy TE, Galko MJ, Mirzayan C, Jessell TM, Tessier-Lavigne M. The netrins define a family of axon outgrowth-promoting proteins homologous to C. elegans UNC-6. Cell 1994;78:409-424]. Since then, Netrin-1 has been found to be a critical component of embryonic development with functions in axon guidance, cell migration, morphogenesis and angiogenesis. Netrin-1 also plays a role in the adult brain, suggesting that manipulating netrin signals may have novel therapeutic applications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center