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Int J Food Microbiol. 2008 May 31;124(2):183-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2008.03.009. Epub 2008 Mar 27.

Characterization of TEM-, SHV- and AmpC-type beta-lactamases from cephalosporin-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated from swine.

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Department of Infectious Diseases, College of Veterinary Medicine, KRF Zoonotic Disease Priority Research Institute, Brain Korea 21 for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, San 56-1, Shilim 9 dong, Kwanak-Ku, Seoul, Republic of Korea.


Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and AmpC-producing Enterobacteriaceae are an increasing problem in human medicine and an emerging problem in the veterinary field. Our study, therefore, focused on assessing the prevalence of beta-lactamases isolated from swine. Sixty-six Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), 33 Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis), 26 Klebsiella pneumonia (K. pneumoniae) and 130 Escherichia coli (E. coli) pig isolates collected from 1999-2006 were screened for beta-lactam resistance by the disk diffusion test (DDT) and micro-broth dilution. Among the isolates, five E. coli and five K. pneumoniae exhibited reduced susceptibility to the cephalosporins tested. PCR, plasmid profiling and Southern blot hybridization showed the presence of multiple beta-lactamases in these isolates of animal origin. Hybridization patterns of the DHA-1 specific probe indicated that dissemination of DHA-1 related beta-lactamases could be attributed to plasmids of one common size among the enteric microbes of animal origin. To the best of our knowledge, this study reports the first identification of SHV-28 and DHA-1 from microbes of animal origin.

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