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Transplant Proc. 2008 Apr;40(3):856-60. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2008.02.051.

Skin allograft survival and analysis of renal parameters after FTY720 + tacrolimus treatment in mice.

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FAMERP São José do Rio Preto Medical School, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.


Calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine (CsA) and tacrolimus (FK506) show similar efficacy to prevent rejection within the first year after organ transplantation. However, their use is limited by side effects, such as kidney damage, hypertension, new-onset diabetes, and hyperlipidemia. The consensus opinion suggests that compared with CsA, FK506 has fewer negative effects on blood pressure, serum lipids, and renal function. Nevertheless, FK506 use is associated with a higher incidence of posttransplantation diabetes mellitus. FTY720 is a new compound that has shown beneficial effects in animal models of rejection in transplantation, ischemia/reperfusion injury, autoimmune diseases, and tumor development. Our aim was to investigate whether FTY720 + tacrolimus association could provide additional immunosuppression without causing renal toxicity. FTY720 as a monotherapy or in association with FK506 was administered to C57BL/6 mice for 21 days to prevent skin graft rejection and to evaluate renal function and structure. Increased skin allograft survival in the FTY720 + FK506 group was associated with decreased cell numbers in the spleen, blood, and axillary lymph nodes. Changes in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expressions in splenocytes were also found in this group. The major effects already described for FK506 (diabetes) or FTY720 (lymphopenia) were observed after 21 days administration even when the drugs were associated. FTY720 associated with FK506 caused fewer changes in kidney structure, and blood glucose levels were lower than in FK506 monotherapy.

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