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Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2008 May;225(5):457-61. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1027361.

Anti-TNF-alpha therapy in patients with chronic non-infectious uveitis: the experience of Jules Gonin Eye Hospital.

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1
Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The purpose of this study is to describe the experience of Jules Gonin Eye Hospital on the long-term outcome of anti-TNF-alpha therapy in chronic non-infectious uveitis.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We identified and followed those patients with chronic non-infectious uveitis who received systemic anti-TNF-alpha therapy. Anti-TNF-alpha therapy was administered when no response had been obtained with classical immunosuppressive therapies or in the presence of severe rheumatoid disease.

RESULTS:

Fifteen patients (28 eyes), 7 male and 8 female (mean age, 43 years; range: 7 to 70 years) were identified. Diagnoses included HLA-B27-associated anterior uveitis (n = 4), sarcoidosis (n = 2), juvenile idiopathic arthritis (n = 2), idiopathic retinal vasculitis with uveitis (n = 2), pars planitis (n = 2), Adamantiades-Beh├žet disease (n = 1), birdshot retinochoroidopathy (n = 1), and Crohn's disease (n = 1). Mean duration of ocular disease was 8 years (range: 1 to 29 years). Treatment with infliximab (n = 11), etanercept (n = 2), or adalimumab (n = 2) was initiated. One patient with etanercept was switched to infliximab due to lack of clinical response. Clinical and angiographic regression of uveitis was observed within the first two months of therapy in all patients, and was maintained throughout the entire follow-up period (mean 18 months; range: 3 - 72 months). Recurrence was observed in 3 patients, and resolved after adjustment of therapy. Adverse events were recorded in only one patient (arterial hypotension).

CONCLUSIONS:

In this series of patients with chronic non-infectious uveitis, anti-TNF-alpha therapy was effective and safe. Further clinical studies are needed to determine an adequate duration of therapy.

PMID:
18454398
DOI:
10.1055/s-2008-1027361
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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