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Virology. 2008 Jul 5;376(2):371-8. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2008.03.021. Epub 2008 May 2.

Analysis of specificity determinants in the interactions of different HPV E6 proteins with their PDZ domain-containing substrates.

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Tumour Virology Laboratory, I.C.G.E.B., Padriciano 99, 34012 Trieste, Italy.


The E6 oncoproteins of the cancer-associated human papillomaviruses (high-risk HPV types) characteristically have a PDZ-binding motif at their extreme carboxy-termini. However, they interact with only some of the PDZ domain-containing proteins in the human proteome and, despite many of these proteins having multiple PDZ domains, they interact specifically through only one of those domains. Previous work has shown that the exact sequence of the C-terminal PDZ-binding motif of E6 affects substrate selection, and recently we have shown that an E6 residue peripheral to the binding motif also contributes to the specificity of binding. Here we show that substrate specificity of the HPV E6 PDZ binding is modulated both by the amino acid residues upstream of the binding domain and by the non-canonical residues within it. Using this data we have begun to construct a scheme of substrate preferences for E6 proteins from different HPV types.

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