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Am J Med Genet A. 2008 Jun 1;146A(11):1430-8. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.32310.

Clinical and cytogenetic characterization of 13 Dutch patients with deletion 9p syndrome: Delineation of the critical region for a consensus phenotype.

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Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen Centre of Molecular Life Sciences, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


The deletion 9p syndrome is caused by a constitutional monosomy of part of the short arm of chromosome 9. It is clinically characterized by dysmorphic facial features (trigonocephaly, midface hypoplasia, and long philtrum), hypotonia and mental retardation. Deletion 9p is known to be heterogeneous and exhibits variable deletion sizes. The critical region for a consensus phenotype has been reported to be located within a approximately 4-6 Mb interval on 9p22. In the present study, deletion breakpoints were determined in 13 Dutch patients by applying fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and in some specific cases by array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH). No clear genotype-phenotype correlation could be established for various developmental features. However, we were able to narrow down the critical region for deletion 9p syndrome to approximately 300 kb. A functional candidate gene for trigonocephaly, the CER1 gene, appeared to be located just outside this region. Sequence analysis of this gene in nine additional patients with isolated trigonocephaly did not reveal any pathogenic mutations.

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