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Leuk Lymphoma. 2008 Jun;49(6):1062-73. doi: 10.1080/10428190801923725.

Effect of remission status and induction chemotherapy regimen on outcome of autologous stem cell transplantation for mantle cell lymphoma.

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1
Clinical Research Division of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA 98109-1024, USA. tillb@fhcrc.org

Abstract

We analysed the outcomes of autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) following high-dose therapy with respect to remission status at the time of transplantation and induction regimen used in 56 consecutive patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Twenty-one patients received induction chemotherapy with HyperCVAD with or without rituximab (+/-R) followed by ASCT in first complete or partial remission (CR1/PR1), 15 received CHOP (+/-R) followed by ASCT in CR1/PR1 and 20 received ASCT following disease progression. Estimates of overall and progression-free survival (PFS) at 3 years among patients transplanted in CR1/PR1 were 93% and 63% compared with 46% and 36% for patients transplanted with relapsed/refractory disease, respectively. The hazard of mortality among patients transplanted with relapsed/refractory disease was 6.09 times that of patients transplanted in CR1/PR1 (P = 0.006). Patients in the CHOP (+/-R) group had a higher risk of failure for PFS compared with patients in the HyperCVAD (+/-R) group, though the difference did not reach statistical significance (hazard ratio 3.67, P = 0.11). These results suggest that ASCT in CR1/PR1 leads to improved survival outcomes for patients with MCL compared to ASCT with relapsed/refractory disease, and a HyperCVAD (+/-R) induction regimen may be associated with an improved PFS among patients transplanted in CR1/PR1.

PMID:
18452065
PMCID:
PMC2769072
DOI:
10.1080/10428190801923725
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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