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Opt Lett. 2008 May 1;33(9):980-2.

Application of the moiré deflectometry on divergent laser beam to the measurement of the angle of arrival fluctuations and the refractive index structure constant in the turbulent atmosphere.

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  • 1Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Gava Zang, Zanjan 45195-1159, Iran.


When a slightly divergent laser beam passes through a turbulent ground level atmosphere and strikes a linear grating, fluctuating self-images are formed at Talbot distances. By superimposing a similar grating on one of the self-images, even for the case of parallel gratings' lines, fluctuating moiré fringes are formed owing to the beam divergence. Recording the successive moiré patterns by a CCD camera and feeding them to a computer, after filtering the higher spatial frequencies, produces highly magnified fluctuations of the laser beam. Using moiré fringe fluctuations we have calculated the fluctuations of the angle of arrival and the atmospheric refractive index structure constant. The implementation of the technique is straightforward, a telescope is not required, fluctuations can be magnified more than ten times, and the precision of the technique is similar to that reported in our previous work.

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