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An Pediatr (Barc). 2008 May;68(5):490-5.

[Exposure to multiresisant tuberculosis: study and follow-up of nine children].

[Article in Spanish]

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Servicio de Pediatría, Hospital Carlos III, Madrid, España.


A world increase in multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has been reported over the last few years. A larger number of diagnoses are being seen in Spain, due to the increase of immigration from high endemic TB countries. Articles published on this are anecdotal in children, and there is no clear directives for treatment of MDR-TB, or latent tuberculosis infection (ITBL) or on prophylaxis after exposure to active pulmonary MDR-TB. We present the initial management and progression of nine children after close contact exposure to an Ecuadorian woman diagnosed with active pulmonary TB, resistant to Isoniazid, Rifampicin and Pyrazinamide.

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