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Am J Med Genet A. 2008 Jun 1;146A(11):1414-22. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.32307.

Fine mapping of a locus for nonsyndromic mental retardation on chromosome 19p13.

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Committee on Genetics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA.


Mental retardation (MR) occurs in approximately 3% of the population and therefore significantly impacts public health. Despite this relatively high prevalence, the specific causes of MR remain unknown in most cases, although both genetic and environmental factors are known to contribute. We describe a consanguineous family with autosomal recessive (AR) nonsyndromic MR (NSMR). Because the consanguinity of this family is complex, we explore alternative approaches for generating accurate estimates of the evidence for linkage in this family, and demonstrate evidence for linkage to chromosome 19p13 (lod score ranging from 1.2 to 3.5, depending on assumptions of allele frequencies). Fine mapping of the linked region defined a critical region of 3.6 Mb, which overlaps with a previously reported gene (CC2D1A) for MR. However, no mutations in the coding region of this gene are present in the family we describe. These results suggest that another gene causing autosomal recessive nonsyndromic MR (ARNSMR) is located within this genomic region.

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