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Am J Phys Anthropol. 2008 Sep;137(1):82-90. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.20848.

Predictors of reproductive success in female white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus).

Author information

1
Department of Anthropology, University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4. fedigan@ucalgary.ca

Abstract

Early investigations into variable reproductive success in nonhuman primates tended to focus on the benefits conferred by high dominance rank. However, the effect of high rank on individual reproductive success has been found to vary both intra- and interspecifically, requiring researchers to expand their investigations to include additional factors. Here we examine the age and rank of the mother, sex of the infant, group size, number of close kin, replacement of group males, and resource availability as possible predictors of female reproductive success in white-faced capuchins (Cebus capucinus) in the Santa Rosa sector of the Area de Conservación Guanacaste, Costa Rica. We examine the length of interbirth intervals (IBI) and infant survivorship as measures of individual reproductive success for the 31 adult females that resided in our three study groups between 1986 and 2007. The greatest predictor of IBI length was whether or not the first infant in the interval survived (number of matrilineal kin and resource availability were also significant predictors); while infant survivorship was most significantly predicted by the occurrence of a turnover in group males in the year following the birth of an infant (infant sex was also a significant factor). Based on these findings, we conclude that male and female reproductive strategies are at odds in this species, with male strategies strongly influencing female reproductive success.

PMID:
18446856
DOI:
10.1002/ajpa.20848
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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