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Caries Res. 2008;42(3):171-84. doi: 10.1159/000128561. Epub 2008 Apr 29.

The anticariogenic effect of sugar-free gum containing CPP-ACP nanocomplexes on approximal caries determined using digital bitewing radiography.

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Cooperative Research Centre for Oral Health Science, School of Dental Science, Bio21 Institute, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Vic., Australia.


This study investigated, using digital bitewing radiography, the progression and regression of approximal caries in adolescent subjects chewing a sugar-free gum containing 54 mg CPP-ACP relative to the identical gum without CPP-ACP. 2,720 subjects from 29 schools were randomly assigned to one of the two gums and were instructed to chew their assigned gum for 3 x 10 min/day, with one session supervised on school days, over the 24-month study period. Standardized digital bitewing radiographs were taken at the baseline and 24-month clinical examinations for each subject. The radiographs, scored by a single examiner, were assessed for approximal surface dental caries at both the enamel and dentine level. Surface level transitions were scored using a transition matrix. Caries progression or regression was analysed using proportional-odds ordered logistic regression modelling of the transition scores at the tooth surface level. There was a statistically significant difference in the frequency distributions of the transition scores between the two gum groups (OR = 0.82, p = 0.03). For subjects chewing the CPP-ACP gum the odds of a surface experiencing caries progression were 18% less than those of a surface experiencing caries progression for subjects chewing the control gum. In conclusion, the 54 mg CPP-ACP sugar-free gum significantly slowed progression and enhanced regression of approximal caries relative to a control sugar-free gum in a 24-month clinical trial.

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