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Indian J Med Microbiol. 2008 Apr-Jun;26(2):182-4.

Acanthamoeba encephalitis.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana-141 001, Punjab, India.


Central nervous system infection with free-living amoebae is rare. We present a fatal case of Acanthamoeba encephalitis in a 63-year-old female from India where acanthamoebae were demonstrated and cultured from CSF. In spite of treatment with amphotericin B, fluconazole and rifampicin the patient did not survive. Amoebic infection should be suspected in a patient of encephalitis of unexplained aetiology as timely diagnosis can lead to a favourable outcome.

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