Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2008 Jun 20;283(25):17494-502. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M710527200. Epub 2008 Apr 29.

Neogenin-mediated hemojuvelin shedding occurs after hemojuvelin traffics to the plasma membrane.

Author information

1
Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, Oregon 97239, USA. zhanga@ohsu.edu

Abstract

HFE2 (hemochromatosis type 2 gene) is highly expressed in skeletal muscle and liver hepatocytes. Its encoded protein, hemojuvelin (HJV), is a co-receptor for the bone morphogenetic proteins 2 and 4 (BMP2 and BMP4) and enhances the BMP-induced hepcidin expression. Hepcidin is a central iron regulatory hormone predominantly secreted from hepatocytes. HJV also binds neogenin, a membrane protein widely expressed in many tissues. Neogenin is required for the processing and release of HJV from cells. The role that neogenin plays in HJV trafficking was investigated, using HepG2 cells, a human hepatoma cell line. Knockdown of endogenous neogenin markedly suppresses HJV release but has no evident effect on HJV trafficking to the plasma membrane. The addition of a soluble neogenin ectodomain to cells markedly inhibits HJV release, indicating that the HJV shedding is not processed before trafficking to the cell surface. At the plasma membrane it undergoes endocytosis in a dynamin-independent but cholesterol-dependent manner. The additional findings that HJV release is coupled to lysosomal degradation of neogenin and that cholesterol depletion by filipin blocks both HJV endocytosis and HJV release suggest that neogenin-mediated HJV release occurs after the HJV-neogenin complex is internalized from the cell surface.

PMID:
18445598
PMCID:
PMC2427329
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M710527200
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center