Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Plast Surg. 2008 Mar;60(3):306-22. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3180621ff0.

Role of gender and anatomical region on induction of osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells.

Author information

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.


Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) display multilineage plasticity and, under appropriate conditions, can mineralize their extracellular matrix and undergo osteogenesis. The aims of this study are to examine in vitro osteogenic differentiation properties of ASCs to assess the role of gender, fat depot, and optimal duration as variables for differentiation. Human ASCs were isolated from superficial and deep adipose layers of the abdominoplasty specimens obtained from patients undergoing elective surgeries. ASCs were cultured in osteogenic media (OM). After 1, 2, and 4 weeks of differentiation, cultures were assessed for markers of osteogenesis. Alkaline phosphatase (AP), alizarin red (AR) and Masson trichrome (MT) stainings for osteoblastic transformation, matrix mineralization, and collagen production; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for Gla-osteocalcin; and Western blot analysis for osteonectin protein expression were performed. Osteogenic differentiation began as early as 1 week. Cells exhibited a vertical growth pattern, lacunae formed in the cultures, matrix volume increased, and mineralization was observed. Differences in AP staining were most evident during the first week. AR activity progressively increased over 4 weeks, and collagen was secreted only by differentiated ASCs. There was no significant difference in the degree of osteogenic differentiation between the ASCs from both depots in the female. In the male, the superficial depot ASCs differentiated faster and more efficiently than those of the deep depot. Male ASCs from both depots differentiated more effectively than female ASCs from both depots. We describe a hierarchy of osteogenic differentiation potential based on gender and anatomic harvest site by layering adipose tissues of the abdominal wall. ASCs derived from male superficial layer were most efficient in achieving osteogenesis. In future clinical applications using stem cells for osseous healing, these gender and depot differences will guide our clinical methods.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center