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Hypertension. 2008 Jun;51(6):1637-42. doi: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.108.112532. Epub 2008 Apr 28.

Sitagliptin augments sympathetic enhancement of the renovascular effects of angiotensin II in genetic hypertension.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Center for Clinical Pharmacology, University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, PA 15219, USA. edj@pitt.edu

Abstract

Dipeptidyl peptidase IV converts neuropeptide Y(1-36) (Y(1)-receptor agonist released from renal sympathetic nerves) to neuropeptide Y(3-36) (selective Y(2)-receptor agonist). Previous studies suggest that Y(1), but not Y(2), receptors enhance renovascular responses to angiotensin II in kidneys from genetically-susceptible animals. Therefore, we hypothesized that inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV with sitagliptin (antidiabetic drug) would augment the ability of exogenous and endogenous neuropeptide Y(1-36) to enhance renal vascular responses to angiotensin II in kidneys from spontaneously hypertensive rats. This hypothesis was tested using 3 protocols in isolated perfused kidneys. Results from Protocol 1: Exogenous neuropeptide Y(1-36) enhanced renovascular responses to angiotensin II. This effect of neuropeptide Y(1-36) was blocked by BIBP3226 (selective Y(1) receptor antagonist); Exogenous neuropeptide Y(3-36) did not enhance renovascular responses to angiotensin II. Results from Protocol 2: Sitagliptin augmented the ability of exogenous neuropeptide Y(1-36) to enhance renovascular responses to angiotensin II. This effect of sitagliptin was blocked by BIBP3226. Results from Protocol 3: Renal sympathetic nerve stimulation enhanced renovascular responses to angiotensin II; this enhancement was augmented by sitagliptin and abolished by BIBP3226. Neuropeptide Y(1-36) via Y(1) receptors enhances renovascular responses to angiotensin II in kidneys from genetically hypertensive animals. Sitagliptin, by blocking dipeptidyl peptidase IV, prevents metabolism of neuropeptide Y(1-36) and thereby increases the effects of neuropeptide Y(1-36) released from renal sympathetic nerves on Y(1) receptors leading to augmentation of neuropeptide Y(1-36)-induced enhancement of the renovascular effects of angiotensin II. The renal effects of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors in hypertensive diabetic patients merit a closer examination.

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