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Cancer Imaging. 2008 Apr 22;8:93-101. doi: 10.1102/1470-7330.2008.0013.

The acute abdomen in the immune compromised host.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, St. Bartholomew's and The Royal London Hospitals, London, UK. simonpaulspencer@yahoo.com

Abstract

Recent advances in transplantation, oncology and AIDS therapy have greatly increased life expectancies of patients diagnosed with malignancy, auto-immune disorders and organ failure. However, as this immune compromised population grows, complications of such therapies have become a major source of morbidity and mortality. Classical clinical and laboratory evidence of intra-abdominal pathology may be absent in the immune compromised host. Consequently, the radiologist is increasingly called upon to diagnose acute intra-abdominal complications associated with immunodeficiency. This review explores the aetiology of the acute abdomen in the immune compromised host. The typical radiological appearances of the commonest conditions are illustrated. The challenges and limitations in the radiological diagnosis of these conditions are discussed.

PMID:
18442955
PMCID:
PMC2365454
DOI:
10.1102/1470-7330.2008.0013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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