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J Reprod Med. 2008 Mar;53(3):166-70.

Risk factors for postpartum depression: a retrospective investigation.

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oklahoma State University Center for Health Sciences and College of Osteopathic Medicine and Surgery, Tulsa 74107-1898, USA. sjmccoy98@aol.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To search for a possible correlation between incidence of postpartum depression (PPD) and any of the following factors recorded in patient charts at the routine, 4-week postnatal visit: age, breast-feeding status, smoker/nonsmoker, marital status, preexisting depression and type of delivery.

STUDY DESIGN:

Data were obtained from 588 obstetric charts for women who gave birth between June 1, 2003, and June 1, 2004, at 3 university clinics in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

RESULTS:

Prior history of depression and smoking cigarettes were significant risk factors for an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale score of 13 or higher, indicating probable PPD.

CONCLUSION:

Our data and previous findings warrant continued investigation in a larger study to clearly delineate these and other possible risk factors for PPD and to facilitate prophylactic patient education and intervention strategies.

PMID:
18441719
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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