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Vision Res. 1991;31(3):587-608.

Variation in the appearance of guppy color patterns to guppies and their predators under different visual conditions.

Author information

1
Department of Biological Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara 93106.

Abstract

Color patterns of natural populations of guppies (Poecilia reticulata) are a compromise between sexual selection and predation avoidance. Field data on ambient light spectra, water transmission spectra, courtship and attack distances, and cone pigments of guppies and their predators were used to calculate measures of conspicuousness of guppies under various combinations of visual conditions and vision. The results suggest that color patterns are relatively more conspicuous to guppies at the times and places of courtship and relatively less conspicuous at the times and places of maximum predator risk. Some implications to the evolution of vision, visual communication and behavior are discussed.

PMID:
1843763
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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