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Vaccine. 2008 May 23;26(22):2714-22. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.03.020. Epub 2008 Apr 1.

Induction of protective immunity in swine by immunization with live attenuated recombinant pseudorabies virus expressing the capsid precursor encoding regions of foot-and-mouth disease virus.

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State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, PR China.


Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) causes morbidity to livestock and serious economic consequences to its associated industry and therefore it is necessary to develop a safe and efficient vaccine to prevent or control this disease. A recombinant live attenuated virus vaccine, designated PRV-P1, was generated by insertion of an expression cassette containing CMV promoter, FMDV P1 gene and SV 40 poly-A into the gG gene region of a live attenuated pseudorabies virus vaccine strain (TK-/gG-/LacZ+). To determine the induction of protective immunity, 16 FMDV and PRV seronegative white swine were randomly divided into four groups and immunized intramuscularly. The parental virus (TK-/gG-/LacZ+) was injected into three pigs, the recombinant virus PRV-P1 into five pigs and commercial FMD-inactivated vaccine into five pigs, with PBS (negative control) into three pigs. All animals were immunized again 4 weeks later to boost the immune response and challenged with virulent type O FMDV O/ES/2001 strain 4 weeks after the second immunization. Results showed PRV-P1 vaccinated pigs induced high-level neutralizing antibody response to both FMDV and PRV, and strong CTL response against FMD antigen activation. Three of five pigs were completely protected against challenge with FMDV, one pig minimally protected and the other one had increased protection but not complete. However, one pig vaccinated with commercial FMD vaccine developed constant pyrexia. Average levels of antibodies against non-structural 3ABC proteins were significantly lower and efficacy on inhibition of FMDV replication was much increased in swine vaccinated with PRV-P1 than those immunized with commercial FMD vaccine after FMDV challenge. Our results showed that the recombinant PRV-P1 can induce not only humoral and cell-mediated immune responses but also partial protection against FMDV challenge, making it a good candidate for future development of the FMD vaccine.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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