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Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 2008 May;32(5):895-908. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2008.00659.x.

Ethanol sensitivity and tolerance in long-term memory mutants of Drosophila melanogaster.

Author information

1
Ernest Gallo Clinic and Research Center, University of California, San Francisco, Emeryville, California 94608, USA. karenb@gallo.ucsf.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has become increasingly clear that molecular and neural mechanisms underlying learning and memory and drug addiction are largely shared. To confirm and extend these findings, we analyzed ethanol-responsive behaviors of a collection of Drosophila long-term memory mutants.

METHODS:

For each mutant, sensitivity to the acute uncoordinating effects of ethanol was quantified using the inebriometer. Additionally, 2 distinct forms of ethanol tolerance were measured: rapid tolerance, which develops in response to a single brief exposure to a high concentration of ethanol vapor; and chronic tolerance, which develops following a sustained low-level exposure.

RESULTS:

Several mutants were identified with altered sensitivity, rapid or chronic tolerance, while a number of mutants exhibited multiple defects.

CONCLUSIONS:

The corresponding genes in these mutants represent areas of potential overlap between learning and memory and behavioral responses to alcohol. These genes also define components shared between different ethanol behavioral responses.

PMID:
18435628
PMCID:
PMC3044939
DOI:
10.1111/j.1530-0277.2008.00659.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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