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Biochem J. 2008 Jul 1;413(1):51-60. doi: 10.1042/BJ20080685.

Mutations of beta-arrestin 2 that limit self-association also interfere with interactions with the beta2-adrenoceptor and the ERK1/2 MAPKs: implications for beta2-adrenoceptor signalling via the ERK1/2 MAPKs.

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Sir Henry Welcome Functional Genomics Facility, Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute of Biomedical and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland, UK.


FRET (fluorescence resonance energy transfer) and co-immunoprecipitation studies confirmed the capacity of beta-arrestin 2 to self-associate. Amino acids potentially involved in direct protein-protein interaction were identified via combinations of spot-immobilized peptide arrays and mapping of surface exposure. Among potential key amino acids, Lys(285), Arg(286) and Lys(295) are part of a continuous surface epitope located in the polar core between the N- and C-terminal domains. Introduction of K285A/R286A mutations into beta-arrestin 2-eCFP (where eCFP is enhanced cyan fluorescent protein) and beta-arrestin 2-eYFP (where eYFP is enhanced yellow fluorescent protein) constructs substantially reduced FRET, whereas introduction of a K295A mutation had a more limited effect. Neither of these mutants was able to promote beta2-adrenoceptor-mediated phosphorylation of the ERK1/2 (extracellular-signal-regulated kinase 1/2) MAPKs (mitogen-activated protein kinases). Both beta-arrestin 2 mutants displayed limited capacity to co-immunoprecipitate ERK1/2 and further spot-immobilized peptide arrays indicated each of Lys(285), Arg(286) and particularly Lys(295) to be important for this interaction. Direct interactions between beta-arrestin 2 and the beta2-adrenoceptor were also compromised by both K285A/R286A and K295A mutations of beta-arrestin 2. These were not non-specific effects linked to improper folding of beta-arrestin 2 as limited proteolysis was unable to distinguish the K285A/R286A or K295A mutants from wild-type beta-arrestin 2, and the interaction of beta-arrestin 2 with JNK3 (c-Jun N-terminal kinase 3) was unaffected by the K285A/R286A or L295A mutations. These results suggest that amino acids important for self-association of beta-arrestin 2 also play an important role in the interaction with both the beta2-adrenoceptor and the ERK1/2 MAPKs. Regulation of beta-arrestin 2 self-association may therefore control beta-arrestin 2-mediated beta2-adrenoceptor-ERK1/2 MAPK signalling.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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