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Prenat Diagn. 2008 Jun;28(6):485-93. doi: 10.1002/pd.2006.

Polymorphisms in genes related to folate and cobalamin metabolism and the associations with complex birth defects.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Chemistry, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the associations between biomarkers and genetic variants involved in homocysteine metabolism and the risk of complex birth defects.

METHODS:

Total homocysteine (tHcy), folate, cobalamin, apo-transcobalamin (apo-TC) and apo-haptocorrin (apo-HC) were measured in the amniotic fluid of 82 women who were pregnant with a child having a complex birth defect, such as neural tube defect, cleft lip and/or palate, heart defect or omphalocele, and in 110 women pregnant with a non-malformed child. The determined genotypes of the child comprised of 5, 10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR 677C > T, 1298A > C), methionine synthase (MTR 2756A > G), methionine synthase reductase (MTRR 66A > G) and transcobalamin (TCN2 776C > G). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed.

RESULTS:

Significantly lower cobalamin and higher apo-TC, apo-HC, tHcy and folate concentrations were determined in amniotic fluids of cases compared with controls (p< or =0.001). Logistic regression analysis revealed that after adjustment for maternal age, children carrying the MTHFR 677T allele showed a four-fold increased risk of having a complex birth defect, OR (95% CI) = 4.0 (1.1-15.4). Other genotypes did not show significant associations.

CONCLUSION:

The MTHFR 677C > T polymorphism in conjunction with reduced folate- and/or cobalamin status may increase the risk of complex birth defects.

PMID:
18435414
DOI:
10.1002/pd.2006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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