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Virology. 2008 Jun 5;375(2):529-38. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2008.02.022. Epub 2008 Apr 22.

Cross-clade neutralization patterns among HIV-1 strains from the six major clades of the pandemic evaluated and compared in two different models.

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Henry M Jackson Foundation, Rockville, MD, USA.


A panel of paired primary virus isolates and envelope pseudoviruses from sixty strains representing six HIV-1 clades was tested for neutralization using pooled, clade-specific plasma in two prominently utilized neutralization platforms: a primary isolate assay using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and a pseudovirus assay using a reporter epithelial cell line. Using the PMBC assay, pairing of the antibody pool against homologous clade viruses generated the highest geometric mean neutralizing antibody titer in 4 out of 6 clades tested, and neutralization patterns showed numerous examples of reciprocal cross-recognition between antibody and viruses of specific clade pairs. In the pseudovirus assay, cross-clade neutralization was more limited, with fewer distinct cross-clade relationships evident. The clade C antibody pool was broadly cross-reactive, neutralizing the greatest number of viruses in both assays. These data highlight the importance of the neutralization assay format employed and suggest that clade C envelopes merit further evaluation for the elicitation of broadly neutralizing antibodies.

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