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Int J Eat Disord. 2008 Sep;41(6):520-6. doi: 10.1002/eat.20541.

Memantine in the treatment of binge eating disorder: an open-label, prospective trial.

Author information

1
Biological Psychiatry Laboratory, McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA 02478, USA. bbrennan@partners.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess preliminarily the efficacy of memantine in binge eating disorder.

METHOD:

This was an open-label, 12-week, flexible-dose (5-20 mg/day) trial of memantine in binge eating disorder. The primary outcome was frequency of binge days. Secondary outcomes included frequency of binge episodes, body-mass index (BMI), weight, Clinical Global Impressions Severity (CGI-S), Three Factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ), Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A), and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). Longitudinal random regression analysis was performed for frequency of binge days and episodes, BMI, weight, and CGI-S; analysis of baseline to endpoint change was performed for all outcomes.

RESULTS:

Sixteen individuals received memantine; 15 completed at least one postbaseline evaluation, 9 completed the study. Mean dose at endpoint was 18.3 mg/day. Memantine was associated with significant reductions in frequency of binge days and episodes, severity of illness (p < .001 for both analyses), disinhibition on the TFEQ (p = .015), and disability on the SDS (p < .05 for three subscales). There was no significant change in BMI, weight, MADRS, HAM-A, and TFEQ cognitive restraint and hunger.

CONCLUSION:

In this open-label trial, memantine was well tolerated and effective in reducing binge eating, severity of illness, and disability, but had little effect on BMI and weight.

PMID:
18433015
DOI:
10.1002/eat.20541
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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