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PLoS One. 2008 Apr 23;3(4):e2001. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002001.

Normalized cut group clustering of resting-state FMRI data.

Author information

1
Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. M.P.vandenheuvel@umcutrecht.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Functional brain imaging studies have indicated that distinct anatomical brain regions can show coherent spontaneous neuronal activity during rest. Regions that show such correlated behavior are said to form resting-state networks (RSNs). RSNs have been investigated using seed-dependent functional connectivity maps and by using a number of model-free methods. However, examining RSNs across a group of subjects is still a complex task and often involves human input in selecting meaningful networks.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

We report on a voxel based model-free normalized cut graph clustering approach with whole brain coverage for group analysis of resting-state data, in which the number of RSNs is computed as an optimal clustering fit of the data. Inter-voxel correlations of time-series are grouped at the individual level and the consistency of the resulting networks across subjects is clustered at the group level, defining the group RSNs. We scanned a group of 26 subjects at rest with a fast BOLD sensitive fMRI scanning protocol on a 3 Tesla MR scanner.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

An optimal group clustering fit revealed 7 RSNs. The 7 RSNs included motor/visual, auditory and attention networks and the frequently reported default mode network. The found RSNs showed large overlap with recently reported resting-state results and support the idea of the formation of spatially distinct RSNs during rest in the human brain.

PMID:
18431486
PMCID:
PMC2291558
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0002001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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