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Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Apr 16;(2):CD006687. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006687.pub2.

Oral vasodilators for primary Raynaud's phenomenon.

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1
Møre and Romsdal County, Department of Health and Social Services, Fylkeshusa, Molde, Norway, 6407. bergljot.vinjar@nesset.post.no

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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Many different drugs have been suggested for the symptomatic treatment of primary Raynaud's phenomenon. Apart from calcium channel blockers, which are considered the drugs of choice, the evidence of the effects of alternative pharmacological treatments is limited.

OBJECTIVES:

To assess the effects of various drugs with vasodilator actions on primary Raynaud's phenomenon.

SEARCH STRATEGY:

The Cochrane Peripheral Vascular Diseases Group searched their Specialised Register (last searched 24 July 2007), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (last searched Issue 3, 2007). In addition, we searched MEDLINE (January 1966 to July 2007), EMBASE (1980 to July 2007) and reference lists of relevant articles. We contacted pharmaceutical companies. There were no language restrictions.

SELECTION CRITERIA:

Randomised controlled trials evaluating the effects of oral formulations of any drug with vasodilator effects on subjective symptoms in primary Raynaud's phenomenon. Treatment with, or comparison with, calcium channel blockers was not assessed in this review.

DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:

Both authors assessed the trials for inclusion and their quality. One author (BV) extracted the data MS checked the results. Data extraction included adverse events. we contacted trial authors for missing data.

MAIN RESULTS:

Eight studies involving 290 participants were included. Two trials examined the effects of captopril, the rest were single trials on single drugs. All comparisons were with placebo. The methodological quality of most trials was poor. Enalapril was associated with a small increase in the frequency of attacks per week (difference in means 0.8; 95% CI 0.43 to 1.17). The difference between the intervention groups on a subjective improvement score was non-significant. There was a significant effect of buflomedil on the frequency of attacks per week (weighted mean difference (WMD) -8.8; 95% CI -17.55 to -0.09), but there was no evidence of effect on the severity score. The proportion with fewer attacks was significantly higher on moxisylyte than on placebo (relative risk (RR) 4.33; 95% CI 1.36 to 13.81). For captopril, beraprost, dazoxiben and ketanserin there was no evidence of an effect on the frequency, severity or duration of attacks. Beraprost and moxisylyte gave significantly more adverse effects than placebo.

AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:

Poor methodological quality, small sample sizes and the limited data available resulted in low precision of the statistical results and limited value of the overall results . The overall results show that there is no evidence for an effect of vasodilator drugs on primary Raynaud's phenomenon.

PMID:
18425964
DOI:
10.1002/14651858.CD006687.pub2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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