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J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2008 Jul;326(1):209-17. doi: 10.1124/jpet.108.136861. Epub 2008 Apr 18.

Evidence for the role of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu)2 not mGlu3 receptors in the preclinical antipsychotic pharmacology of the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist (-)-(1R,4S,5S,6S)-4-amino-2-sulfonylbicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-4,6-dicarboxylic acid (LY404039).

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Neuroscience Discovery Research, Lilly Research Laboratories, Lilly Corporate Center, DC0510, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA.


(-)-(1R,4S,5S,6S)-4-amino-2-sulfonylbicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-4,6-dicarboxylic acid (LY404039) is a potent and selective group II metabotropic glutamate [(mGlu)2 and mGlu3] receptor agonist for which its prodrug LY2140023 [(1R,4S,5S,6S)-2-thiabicyclo[3.1.0]-hexane-4,6-dicarboxylic acid,4-[(2S)-2-amino-4-(methylthio)-1-oxobutyl]amino-, 2,2-dioxide monohydrate] has recently been shown to have efficacy in the treatment of the positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. In this article, we use mGlu receptor-deficient mice to investigate the relative contribution of mGlu2 and mGlu3 receptors in mediating the antipsychotic profile of LY404039 in the phencyclidine (PCP) and d-amphetamine (AMP) models of psychosis. To further explore the mechanism of action of LY404039, we compared the drugs' ability to block PCP-induced hyperlocomotion to that of atypical antipsychotics in wild-type and mice lacking mGlu2/3 receptors. In wild-type animals, LY404039 (3-30 mg/kg i.p.) significantly reversed AMP (5 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced increases in ambulations, distance traveled, and reduced time spent at rest. LY404039 reversed PCP (7.5 mg/kg i.p.)-evoked behaviors at 10 mg/kg. The antipsychotic-like effects of LY404039 (10 mg/kg i.p.) on PCP and AMP-evoked behavioral activation were absent in mGlu2 and mGlu2/3 but not in mGlu3 receptor-deficient mice, indicating that the activation of mGlu2 and not mGlu3 receptors is responsible for the antipsychotic-like effects of the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY404039. In contrast, the atypical antipsychotic drugs clozapine and risperidone inhibited PCP-evoked behaviors in both wild-type and mGlu2/3 receptor-deficient mice. These data demonstrate that the antipsychotic-like effects of the mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY404039 in psychostimulant models of psychosis are mechanistically distinct from those of atypical antipsychotic drugs and are dependent on functional mGlu2 and not mGlu3 receptors.

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