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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2008 Dec;35(4):387-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2008.02.003.

Clinical supervision, emotional exhaustion, and turnover intention: a study of substance abuse treatment counselors in the Clinical Trials Network of the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

Author information

1
Department of Behavioral Science and Center for Drug and Alcohol Research, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536-0086, USA. hannah.knudsen@uky.edu

Abstract

An intriguing hypothesis is that clinical supervision may protect against counselor turnover. This idea has been mentioned in recent discussions of the substance abuse treatment workforce. To test this hypothesis, we extend our previous research on emotional exhaustion and turnover intention among counselors by estimating the associations between clinical supervision and these variables in a large sample (N = 823). An exploratory analysis reveals that clinical supervision was negatively associated with emotional exhaustion and turnover intention. Given our previous findings that emotional exhaustion and turnover intention were associated with job autonomy, procedural justice, and distributive justice, we estimate a structural equation model to examine whether these variables mediated clinical supervision's associations with emotional exhaustion and turnover intention. These data support the fully mediated model. We found that the perceived quality of clinical supervision is strongly associated with counselors' perceptions of job autonomy, procedural justice, and distributive justice, which are, in turn, associated with emotional exhaustion and turnover intention. These data offer support for the protective role of clinical supervision in substance abuse treatment counselors' turnover and occupational well-being.

PMID:
18424048
PMCID:
PMC2637454
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsat.2008.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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