Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Oral Implants Res. 2008 Jun;19(6):582-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2007.01515.x. Epub 2008 Apr 16.

Behaviour of human osteoblastic cells cultured on plasma-sprayed titanium implants in the presence of nicotine.

Author information

Laboratório de Farmacologia e Biocompatibilidade Celular, Faculdade de Medicina Dentária, Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal.



The aim of this work was to analyse the behaviour of human bone marrow osteoblastic cells cultured on the surface of routinely used plasma-sprayed titanium implants in the presence of plasmatic and salivary nicotine levels reported in smokers.


Human bone marrow cells (first subculture) were seeded on titanium implants and cultured for 35 days in alpha-minimal essential medium supplemented with 10% foetal bovine serum, 50 microg/ml ascorbic acid, 10 mM beta-glycerophosphate and 10 nM dexamethasone. Seeded implants were exposed to nicotine, 10-1 mg/ml, from days 1 to 35, and characterized for cell morphology, viability/proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and matrix mineralization.


Low levels of nicotine, 10 and 50 ng/ml, representative of the plasma concentrations reported in smokers, did not cause significant effects in the cell behaviour, although a small induction in cell growth and functional activity appeared to occur. Higher nicotine levels, 0.01-1 mg/ml, within those attained in saliva through tobacco use, caused evident dose-dependent effects in osteoblastic cell behaviour, i.e., a stimulatory effect in cell growth, ALP activity and matrix mineralization, at concentrations up to 0.2 mg/ml, and a deleterious effect at higher levels.


Considering the high tissue diffusion potential of nicotine, the results suggest the possibility of a direct modulation of the osteoblast activity as a contributing factor to the overall effect of nicotine in the bone microenvironment around dental implants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center