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Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2008 May;9(7):1237-48. doi: 10.1517/14656566.9.7.1237.

Omega-3 fatty acid concentrates in the treatment of moderate hypertriglyceridemia.

Author information

1
Pennsylvania State University, Department of Nutritional Sciences, University Park, PA, USA. ann.skulas@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Moderate hypertriglyceridemia is fairly common, and elevated triglycerides are a risk factor for coronary heart disease. The omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA have been shown to lower triglycerides in many clinical studies. Prescription omega-3 fatty acid concentrates (P-OM3) are indicated for use in people with very high triglycerides (> 500 mg/dl). Current guidelines recommend that triglycerides should be less < 150 mg/dl.

OBJECTIVE:

This review provides an overview of the use of omega-3 concentrates (both P-OM3 and over-the-counter fish oil) to lower triglycerides in people who have moderate hypertriglyceridemia (triglycerides in the range of 150 - 500 mg/dl). The objectives were to examine clinical evidence, describe the magnitude of effects and predict future clinical use of P-OM3.

METHODS:

Published, peer-reviewed studies of omega-3 concentrates were included if they were placebo-controlled, double-blind, of sufficient size to demonstrate triglyceride lowering, and studied a population described as having a mean baseline triglyceride value of 150 - 500 mg/dl. Studies using the 4-g dose of P-OM3 were used to develop a model of percent triglyceride lowering as a function of baseline levels.

RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS:

P-OM3 are effective in reducing triglycerides by approximately 30% in this population and are likely to be combined with other drugs (e.g., statins) to treat combined dyslipidemia.

PMID:
18422480
DOI:
10.1517/14656566.9.7.1237
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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