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J Neurochem. 2008 Jul;106(1):372-83. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-4159.2008.05401.x. Epub 2008 Jul 1.

Characterization of OPA1 isoforms isolated from mouse tissues.

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1
Department of Neurodegeneration, Max-Delbrück-Center for Molecular Medicine, Berlin, Germany.

Abstract

OPA1, a nuclear encoded mitochondrial protein causing autosomal dominant optic atrophy, is a key player in mitochondrial fusion and cristae morphology regulation. In the present study, we have compared the OPA1 transcription and translation products of different mouse tissues. Unlike in humans, we found only two exons (4b and 5b) to be involved in alternative splicing. The relative abundance of the resulting four different splice variants is tissue-dependent. Proteolytic cleavage by mitochondrial processing peptidase generates two long forms, isoforms 1 and 7, which lead to three short forms representing the end products after further proteolytic processing. In contrast, isoforms 5 and 8 are directly processed into their corresponding short forms. Short form 1 molecules form 184 kDa dimers, whereas all other isoforms contribute to 285 kDa complexes. Coiled-coil domains of the OPA1 protein specifically homo-associate and may be involved in the formation of these complexes. Furthermore, the region encoded by exon 5b inhibits the self-association of coiled-coil domain-I. Finally, our data pinpoint isoform 1 as the, by far, most abundant isoform in the nervous tissue. We postulate that manipulation of isoform 1 protein levels in relation to the other isoforms induces changes in the mitochondrial network in the cell and therefore, mutations affecting the level of functional isoform 1 could lead to devastating effects on retinal ganglion cells.

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