Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Intensive Care Med. 2008 Aug;34(8):1498-502. doi: 10.1007/s00134-008-1104-x. Epub 2008 Apr 17.

Elective tracheostomy in mechanically ventilated children in Canada.

Author information

1
Children's Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre, ON N6A5W9, London, ON, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the current practice and opinions of paediatric intensivists in Canada regarding tracheostomy in children with potentially reversible conditions which are anticipated to require prolonged mechanical ventilation.

DESIGN AND SETTING:

Self-administered survey among paediatric intensivists within paediatrics critical care units (PCCU) across Canada.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

All 16 PCCUs participated in the survey with a response rate of 81% (63 physicians). In 14 of 16 centres one to five tracheostomies were performed during 2006. Two centres did not perform any tracheostomies. The overall rate of tracheostomy is less than 1.5%. Percutaneous technique is used in 3/16 (19%) of centres. Readiness to undertake tracheostomy during the first 21[Symbol: see text]days of illness is influenced by patient diagnosis; severe traumatic brain injury 66% vs. 42% in a 2-year-old with Guillain-Barré syndrome, 48% in a 9-year-old with Guillain-Barré syndrome, and 12% in a child with isolated ARDS. In a child with ARDS 25% of respondents would never consider tracheostomy. Age does not affect timing nor keenness for tracheostomy. The majority, 81%, believe that the risks associated with the procedure do not outweigh the potential benefits. Finally, 51% believe that tracheostomy is underutilized in children.

CONCLUSIONS:

Elective tracheostomy is rarely performed among ventilated children in Canada. However, 51% of physicians believe it is underutilized. The role of elective tracheostomy and the percutaneous technique in children requires further investigation.

PMID:
18418569
DOI:
10.1007/s00134-008-1104-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Springer
Loading ...
Support Center