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J Am Soc Nephrol. 2008 Jul;19(7):1342-51. doi: 10.1681/ASN.2007070730. Epub 2008 Apr 16.

The subcellular localization of TRPP2 modulates its function.

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1
Renal Division, University Hospital Freiburg, Hugstetter Strasse 55, D-79106 Freiburg, Germany.

Abstract

TRPP2, also known as polycystin-2, is a calcium permeable nonselective cation channel that is mutated in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease but has also been implicated in the regulation of cardiac development, renal tubular differentiation, and left-to-right (L-R) axis determination. For obtaining further insight into how TRPP2 exerts tissue-specific functions, this study took advantage of PACS-dependent trafficking of TRPP2 in zebrafish larvae. PACS proteins recognize an acidic cluster within the carboxy-terminal domain of TRPP2 that undergoes phosphorylation and mediate retrieval of TRPP2 to the Golgi and endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The interaction of human TRPP2 with PACS proteins can be inhibited by a Ser812Ala mutation (TRPP2(S812A)), thereby allowing TRPP2 to reach other subcellular compartments, and enhanced by a Ser812Asp mutation (TRPP2(S812D)), thereby trapping TRPP2 in the ER. It was found that the TRPP2(S812A) mutant rescued cyst formation of TRPP2-deficient zebrafish larvae to the same degree as wild-type TRPP2, whereas the TRPP2(S812D) mutant was significantly more effective in normalizing the distorted body axis of TRPP2-deficient fish. Surprisingly, the TRPP2(S812D) mutant rescued the abnormalities of L-R asymmetry more effectively than either wild-type or TRPP2(S812A), suggesting that the ER localization of TRPP2 plays an important role in the development of normal L-R asymmetry. Taken together, these findings support the hypothesis that TRPP2 assumes distinct subcellular localizations to exert tissue-specific functions.

PMID:
18417723
PMCID:
PMC2440294
DOI:
10.1681/ASN.2007070730
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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